What are the Different types of Vision Problems?
It is essential to know the common vision problems in order to seek help whenever you notice any anomalies with your vision. People face different challenges daily that affect their vision. Certain conditions have adverse impacts on vision and may gradually weaken your eyesight. However, we have compiled different types of vision problems for your education.
Here are the different types of vision problems:
1. Blurred Vision
This problem is also known as refractive errors. Blurred vision is a condition whereby a person cannot focus or see an object clearly from a certain distance. There are different types of blurred vision.
a. Myopia: Also known as nearsightedness, myopia is a condition when a person can see close objects but blurry in the distance.
b. Hyperopia: Hyperopia is also called farsightedness, and it is a condition whereby a person can see clearly from a distance but blurry when close to the object.
c. Astigmatism: This is a condition that results in blurry vision, and it is usually caused by the shape of the cornea. The cornea should have a symmetrically round shape, but when it is shaped other than the normal shape, it affects vision and causes distracted vision.
d. Presbyopia: This is a condition whereby it becomes difficult to read small print or focus up close. Presbyopia is common among persons who are 40 years and above.
2. Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
a. Esotropia: One or both eyes turn inward toward the nose.
b. Exotropia: One or both eyes turn out
c. Hypotropia: One or both eyes turn down
d. Hypertrophies: One or both eyes turn up.
Crossed ones can be treated and connected if detected early.
3. Lazy Eyes (Amblyopia)
This is a common vision problem in children that occurs when the brain and the eyes are not working together. It is a condition whereby the brain disregards visual information from one eye and results in difficult vision development. Amblyopia can cause permanent vision loss if not treated early enough.
4. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD is a condition that blurs the sharp, central vision that is required to see straight-ahead. It is caused by damage to the macula that is located in the center of the retina. The macula enables a person to see fine details, and it is required for driving, reading, and much more.
Glaucoma is a vision problem that causes permanent loss of vision because it damages the optic nerve. There are various types of glaucoma, but all of them can result in loss of vision.
This is the condition in which results in clouding of the eye lens. It often results in poor vision and sudden loss of vision if not treated early.